Carl Michael Galang Pic

I am a fourth-year PhD Candidate in the Social Brain, Body and Action Lab (supervised by Dr. Sukhvinder Obhi) at McMaster University. I completed my undergraduate degree at the University of Toronto with a double major in Cognitive Science and Philosophy. My PhD training is in the emerging field of Social Cognitive Neuroscience. My research interests include topics such as empathy, sense of agency, social power, and various human mirror neuron system indices (e.g., automatic imitation, motor resonance).

My graduate research has been funded by a SSHRC CGS-M (2015-2016), Ontario Graduate Fellowship (2016-2017), Ontario Graduate Scholarship (2017-2018), and is currently funded by an NSERC PGS-D (2018-2020).


Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (2020). Automatic imitation does not predict levels of generosity during a modified dictator game. Acta Psychologica, 204, 103022.

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Galang, C.M., Jenkins, M., & Obhi, S.S. (2020). Exploring the Effects of Visual Perspective on the ERP Components of Empathy for Pain. Social Neuroscience, 15(2), 186-198.

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Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (2020). Please Empathize! Instructions to empathize strengthen response facilitation after pain observation. Cognition and Emotion, 34(2), 316-328.

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Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (2019). Social Power and Frontal Alpha Asymmetry. Cognitive Neuroscience, 10(1), 44-56.

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Civile, C., Elchlepp, H., McLaren, R., Galang, C.M., Lavric, A., & McLaren, I.P.L. (2018). The effect of scrambling upright and inverted faces on the N170. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(11), 2464-2476.

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Galang, C.M., Naish, K.R., Arbabi, K., & Obhi, S.S. (2017). Observing painful events in others leads to a temporally extended general response facilitation in the self. Experimental Brain Research, 235(11), 3469-3477.

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Naish, K.R., Rajagobal, A., Galang, C.M., Sartori, L., & Obhi, S.S. (2017). Effects of intentional movement preparation on response times to symbolic and imitative cues. Experimental Brain Research, 235(3), 753-61.

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In Prep.

Galang, C.M., Jenkins, M., Fahim, G., & Obhi, S.S. (In Prep.). Exploring the relationship between social power and the ERP components of empathy for pain.

Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (In Prep.). To Move or Not to Move: Cortico-spinal activity is enhanced during pain observation regardless of motor preparation state.

Galang, C.M., Pichtikova, M., Sanders, T., & Obhi, S.S. (In Prep.). Response-general effects of pain observation on motor behaviour.

Galang, C.M., Jenkins, M., Sanders, T., Vijh, R., & Obhi, S.S. (In Prep.). Motor preparation during pain observation does not influence event-related Mu/Beta desynchronization.

FORRT Team (In Prep.). Introducing a Framework for Open and Reproducible Research Training (FORRT). https://osf.io/bnh7p