Carl Michael Galang, PhD Pic

I am currently a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at McMaster University. My research is co-supervised by Dr. Sukhvinder Obhi (McMaster University) and Dr. Marcel Brass (Humboldt University of Berlin). I completed my undergraduate degree at the University of Toronto with a double major in Cognitive Science and Philosophy. My PhD training is in the emerging field of Social Cognitive Neuroscience and was completed at McMaster University in the Social Brain, Body and Action Lab. My research interests include topics such as empathy, sense of agency, social power, and various human mirror neuron system indices (e.g., automatic imitation, motor resonance).


Galang, C.M., Pichtikova, M., Sanders, T., & Obhi, S.S. (In Press). Investigating the effects of pain observation on approach and withdrawal actions. Experimental Brain Research.

Preprint | Publisher's Copy

Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (2020). Automatic imitation does not predict levels of generosity during a modified dictator game. Acta Psychologica, 204, 103022.

Preprint | Publisher's Copy

Galang, C.M., Jenkins, M., & Obhi, S.S. (2020). Exploring the Effects of Visual Perspective on the ERP Components of Empathy for Pain. Social Neuroscience, 15(2), 186-198.

Preprint | Publisher's Copy

Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (2020). Please Empathize! Instructions to empathize strengthen response facilitation after pain observation. Cognition and Emotion, 34(2), 316-328.

Preprint | Publisher's Copy

Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (2019). Social Power and Frontal Alpha Asymmetry. Cognitive Neuroscience, 10(1), 44-56.

Preprint | Publisher's Copy

Civile, C., Elchlepp, H., McLaren, R., Galang, C.M., Lavric, A., & McLaren, I.P.L. (2018). The effect of scrambling upright and inverted faces on the N170. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(11), 2464-2476.

Preprint | Publisher's Copy

Galang, C.M., Naish, K.R., Arbabi, K., & Obhi, S.S. (2017). Observing painful events in others leads to a temporally extended general response facilitation in the self. Experimental Brain Research, 235(11), 3469-3477.

Preprint | Publisher's Copy

Naish, K.R., Rajagobal, A., Galang, C.M., Sartori, L., & Obhi, S.S. (2017). Effects of intentional movement preparation on response times to symbolic and imitative cues. Experimental Brain Research, 235(3), 753-61.

Preprint | Publisher's Copy

Under Review

Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (Under Review). To Move or Not to Move: Motor cortical output is enhanced during pain observation regardless of motor preparation state. Journal of Neurophysiology.

Galang, C.M., Johnson, D., & Obhi, S.S. (Under Review). Exploring the Relationship Between Empathy, Self-Construal Style, and Self-Reported Social Distancing Tendencies During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology.

Galang, C.M., Jenkins, M., Fahim, G., & Obhi, S.S. (Under Review). Exploring the relationship between social power and the ERP components of empathy for pain. Social Neuroscience.

In Prep.

Malik, R., Obhi, S.S., Galang, C.M., & Finger, E. (In Prep.). The Sense of Agency for Brain Disorders: A Comprehensive Review and Proposed Unified Model.

Galang, C.M., Jenkins, M., Sanders, T., Vijh, R., & Obhi, S.S. (In Prep.). Motor preparation during pain observation does not influence event-related Mu/Beta desynchronization.

FORRT Team (In Prep.). Introducing a Framework for Open and Reproducible Research Training (FORRT). https://osf.io/bnh7p