Carl Michael Galang

I am a fourth-year PhD Candidate in the Social Brain, Body and Action Lab (supervised by Dr. Sukhvinder Obhi) at McMaster University. I completed my undergraduate degree at the University of Toronto with a double major in Cognitive Science and Philosophy. My current research focus is on empathy; I am interested in how the brain reacts to watching others in pain, and I am also interested in how socio-cognitive factors (e.g., race, gender, power, etc.) modulates these reactions. I use a variety of methods for my research including TMS, EMG, EEG, and behavioural responses.

My graduate research has been funded by a SSHRC CGS-M (2015-2016), Ontario Graduate Fellowship (2016-2017), Ontario Graduate Scholarship (2017-2018), and is currently funded by an NSERC PGS-D (2018-2020).


Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (In Press). Automatic imitation does not predict levels of generosity during a modified dictator game. Acta Psychologica.

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Galang, C.M., Jenkins, M., & Obhi, S.S. (In Press). Exploring the Effects of Visual Perspective on the ERP Components of Empathy for Pain. Social Neuroscience.

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Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (2020). Please Empathize! Instructions to empathize strengthen response facilitation after pain observation. Cognition and Emotion. 34(2), 316-328.

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Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (2019). Social Power and Frontal Alpha Asymmetry. Cognitive Neuroscience, 10(1), 44-56.

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Civile, C., Elchlepp, H., McLaren, R., Galang, C.M., Lavric, A., & McLaren, I.P.L. (2018). The effect of scrambling upright and inverted faces on the N170. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(11), 2464-2476.

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Galang, C.M., Naish, K.R., Arbabi, K., & Obhi, S.S. (2017). Observing painful events in others leads to a temporally extended general response facilitation in the self. Experimental Brain Research, 235(11), 3469-3477.

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Naish, K.R., Rajagobal, A., Galang, C.M., Sartori, L., & Obhi, S.S. (2017). Effects of intentional movement preparation on response times to symbolic and imitative cues. Experimental Brain Research, 235(3), 753-61.

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In Prep.

Galang, C.M., Jenkins, M., Fahim, G., & Obhi, S.S. (In Prep.). Exploring the relationship between social power and the ERP components of empathy for pain.

Mekik, C.S. & Galang, C.M. (In Prep.). Cognitive Science in a Nutshell.

Galang, C.M. & Obhi, S.S. (In Prep.). Empathic Sensorimotor Resonance: A Review.

FORRT Team (In Prep.). Introducing a Framework for Open and Reproducible Research Training (FORRT). https://osf.io/bnh7p