Carl Michael Galang

I am a second-year PhD student in the Social Brain, Body and Action Lab at McMaster University. I completed my undergraduate degree at the University of Toronto with a double major in Cognitive Science and Philosophy. My current research focus is on empathy. More specifically, I am interested in how the nervous system reacts to watching others in pain; I am also interested in how socio-cognitive factors (e.g., race, gender, power, etc.) modulates these reactions. I use a variety of methods for my research including TMS, EMG, EEG, and behavioural responses.

My graduate research has been funded by a SSHRC CGS-M (2015-2016), Ontario Graduate Fellowship (2016-2017), Ontario Graduate Scholarship (2017-2018), and is currently funded by an NSERC PGS-D (2018-2020).


Civile, C., Elchlepp, H., McLaren, R., Galang, C.M., Lavric, A., & McLaren, I.P.L. (In Press). The effect of scrambling upright and inverted faces on the N170. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.

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Galang, C.M., Naish, K.R., Arbabi, K., & Obhi, S.S. (2017). Observing painful events in others leads to a temporally extended general response facilitation in the self. Experimental Brain Research, 235(11), 3469-3477.

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Naish, K.R., Rajagobal, A., Galang, C.M., Sartori, L., & Obhi, S.S. (2017). Effects of intentional movement preparation on response times to symbolic and imitative cues. Experimental Brain Research, 235(3), 753-61.

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